Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba reported on Thursday its slowest quarterly revenue growth since going public in 2014, hit by a drop in sales at its core business segment and intensifying competition.
The slowing Chinese economy has also taken a toll on the company as consumers cut back discretionary spending.
Alibaba said group revenue rose about 10 per cent in October-December 2021 to 242.6 billion yuan (US$38.37 billion), marking the first time quarterly sales growth has fallen below 20 per cent.
Analysts on average had expected revenue of 246.37 billion yuan, according to Refinitiv data.
Customer management revenue, a key metric which tracks how much money merchants spend on ads and promotions on Alibaba’s sites, fell 1 per cent year-on-year.
That marks the first time revenue for the segment, which made up 41 per cent of Alibaba’s total revenue, has decreased since the company’s IPO.
Speaking on an investor call, deputy CFO Toby Xu said the drop was caused in part by lowering merchant fees amid the slowing economy.
During China’s annual Singles’ Day promotional event last November, the company recorded gross merchandise value growth of 8.5 per cent, a record low.
Alibaba’s shares were down about 3 per cent in New York before the opening bell. They fell about 7 per cent after the results were announced, tracking losses in global shares after Russia launched an all-out invasion of Ukraine.
Alibaba is also facing intensifying pressure from rivals like ByteDance-owned Douyin and Kuaishou, which have capitalized on the booming trend of livestreaming e-commerce.
“Merchants now have to allocate their advertising dollars to different platforms,” said Vincy Zhang, who tracks China’s e-commerce sector at research firm Pacific Epoch.
“In the past, if you were an apparel merchant, maybe you would allocate 100 per cent to Alibaba, but now a percentage of that goes to the short video players.”
Ant Group, Alibaba’s fintech affiliate, reported a profit of about 17.6 billion yuan for the quarter ended September, according to Alibaba’s filings on Thursday, compared with 15 billion yuan a year ago.
Alibaba reports its profit from Ant one quarter in arrears.
Ant has been subjected to a sweeping restructuring by China, which derailed its $37 billion initial public offering in late 2020.
For the nine months ending in December, the company purchased roughly $7.7 billion worth of shares.
Fiscal third quarter revenue for the company’s cloud business grew 20 per cent year-on-year to hit 19.5 billion yuan ($3.08 billion), but adjusted core earnings (EBITDA) for the unit declined 66 per cent sequentially from the previous quarter.
“It seems like Alibaba is finding it difficult to maintain the growth trajectory in most markets including the cloud business,” said Oshadhi Kumarasiri, an analyst at Lightstream Research
Quarterly net income attributable to shareholders slumped to 20.43 billion yuan from 79.43 billion a year earlier.
Once Asia’s biggest listed company, Alibaba has long given up its crown to Taiwanese chipmaker TSMC, and even fallen behind local rival Tencent and beverage maker Kweichow Moutai.
The company’s US-listed shares have lost roughly half their value in the past 12 months amid Beijing’s regulatory crackdown on certain industries.
- Reporting by Nivedita Balu in Bengaluru and Josh Horwitz in ShanghaiEditing by Susan Fenton and Mark Potter, of Reuters.